The Military Cross is awarded to commissioned officers of the substantive
rank of Captain or below or Warrant Officers for distinguished and meritorious
services in battle. The MC was established in December, 1915. In 1920,
the terms were altered to clearly state the award was for gallant and distinguished
services in action and that naval and air force officers could be awarded
the cross for gallant and distinguished services on the ground.
Canadians have been awarded a total of 3,727 MCs, with 324 first
bars and 18 second bars.
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Affairs Canada, Medals Page.